Environment and Health – Part 2
Effects of Rain of Emissions on Human Health
The “Human Health Effects hava of air pollution caused by fossil fuel-fired power generation facilities are grouped under the following headings:
1. Lung Cancer
3. Kronel Bronchitis
5. Joint Rheumatism
6. Heart Diseases
7. Eye Burns
8. Shortness of breath
9. Anorexia resulting from the accumulation of various powders in the body, resulting in weakness of the body by weakening and weakening of the body’s resistance to disease.
10. Excessive signs of aging in people living under polluted air
12. The onset of gender disorder in people living in air pollution
13. Increase in crime rate, nervousness, mental disorders and so on.
14. Blood poisoning starts. Pregnant women appear more quickly. Poisoning rate is high because she is pregnant. It is more than men. Pregnant women can miscarriage
15. Preventing skin breathing by blocking the holes in the skin tissue with the sweat of various powders (difficulty breathing in the body due to air pollution).
Health Effects of SO2, PM and Acid Aerosols
Sulfur dioxide, particulate matter and acid aerosols directly affect the airways. Sulfur dioxide and its products in the atmosphere show irritant effect. 95% of the high concentration of sulfur dioxide inhaled is absorbed from the upper respiratory tract. As a result, bronchitis, emphysema and other pulmonary disease symptoms occur.
The adverse health effects of these pollutants together when acid aerosols and particulate matter are transported from the lungs to the alveoli; it is more than the effects each has. The major discomforts resulting from these negative effects are; Pulmonary dysfunction, increase in chronic bronchitis, increase in the rate of clearance of bronchial mucosa cilia, thickening of respiratory epithelial tissue.
World Health Organization (WHO); In order to protect public health, it is recommended not to exceed the limit of sulfur dioxide of 500 µg / m3 / 10 minutes. In the calculations, this value is equivalent to 350 1g / m3 which is the maximum 1 hour average value.
Health Effects of Nitrogen Dioxide
Effects of nitrogen dioxide on health; It was determined by applying different concentrations to individuals in various segments.
As a result of exposure to 3000-9400 µg / m3 concentrations for 10-15 minutes; Pulmonary function changes were observed in patients with normal and bronchitis.
Complaints resulting from exposure to nitrogen dioxide; in normal and healthy subjects, it starts at a concentration of 1880 µg / m3, whereas in asthmatics, the same complaints begin at a concentration level of 940 µg / m3.
In the presence of nitrogen dioxide in the presence of other pollutants, especially in the presence of ozone, these pollutants have been found to increase the negative interactions in human health due to reactions between these pollutants.
At a concentration of less than 1880 80g / m3 for a period of one week to one month; abnormal changes in the cells in the bronchial and pulmonary regions, increased sensitivity of the lungs to bacterial infections and biochemical changes are observed at 940 µg / m3 concentration.